Quality of human resource: Big challenge of intergration
On 31/12/2015, Asean Econimics Community (AEC) officially launched, includes 10 countries with more than 630 million population. In particular, working class is 50%, about 322 million people. It means boundary will be erased for labour market, skillful workers will have opportunity to move, to find job suitable with their abilities and needs.
Integration is inevitable. However, in fact, Vietnamese human resource is ready yet? And what solution for them after integration?
The water has reached to the feet
According to statistics from General Statistics Office, till Q2 2016, country has more than 1 million unemployed workers. Notably, there are 418.200 technical qualified workers, in particular 191.300 people with Bachelor degrees and above, 94.800 with college degrees, 59.100 people with diploma degrees. It shows that Vietnam has generous young manpower, being trained through formal training, but has limitation in quality, skill and cooperation. This, in time of integration, creates many challenges.
Another figure in 2015 of World Bank (WB) indicates that Vietnam very lacks of well-equipped labour, high-tech worker. About quality of human resource, if in range of 10, Vietnam only has 3.79 points, ranked 11/12 amongst Asian countries in WB rank. Meanwhile, Thailand and Malaysia gets 4,94 and 5,59 points.
According to Prof. Trinh Quoc Trung (Faculty of Banking and Finance, VNUHCM-University of Economics and Law – VNUHCM-UEL), quality of Vietnam human resource is low and has huge gap compared to other countries in the region. “Regarding to competitiveness of countries in AEC, Viet Nam in general is only better than Laos, Cambodia and Myanmar. In particular, the government is only higher than Cambodia and Myanmar; the infrastructure is just better than Philipines, Laos, Cambodia and Myanmar; the ma croeconomic environment is only better than Laos, Myanmar but far behind from the others; the education and training is only better than Laos, Cambodia & Myanmar” – Mr Trung emphasizes.
The figure above shows that we do not have time to dream about “reaching out to the sea” because the water has reached our feet.
Vietnam human resource lacks…all kinds of thing?
Human resource in integration period is considered as a house with open doors always ready to welcome “the challenge wind” from the outside. And the human resource who are trained, have degrees, education level from university, college and above, are being affected the most.
Prof. Pham Duc Chinh (VNUHCM-UEL) has pointed out the current situation of managing government officials 4 issues: rigid recruitment process; working environment is heavily formal, no longer suitable; Remuneration system is inadequate, salary in low but many people “live very well”; Relationship between higher and lower class is not friendly enough.
The recruiter thinks that Vietnam young manpower has outstanding characteristics such as dedication, hard working, and agility; however, this is just a “need” factor not “enough” to integration. Mrs Vo Thi Ngoc Huong (Head of Saigon Co.op Human Resource) said that each year Saigon Co.op has a recruitment need of 1.000 – 3.000 staffs. There are many priorities for graduated students, but most do not meet the job requirement. “Most of Vietnamese students have good academy knowledges, skills and ability to integrate but lack of commitment, responsibility and independent spirit” – Mrs Huong said.
Expressing the concern about young human resource, with emphasis on students, Mr Giang Ngoc Phuong (Deputy General Director of Hiep Phuoc Industry Park JSC) said that young people nowadays are too dreaming, lack of enthusiasm, community and just want to make a lot of money. Mr Phuong said this will make our young workers lose in our home when integration.
On recruitment trend, Mr Nguyen Duc Quynh (Director of FPT Software) said the recruiter is interested in young workers that able to accept commitment and have high EQ (Emotional-Intelligence Quotient). “We do not dare to choose the school ‘star’, only paying special attention on students that have professional working ability and attitude. That is also a demand on integration period” – Mr Quynh emphasizes.
Overall, Mr Tran Anh Tuan, MA (Deputy Director of Center of Forecasting Manpower Needs and Labor Market Information HCMC) said there 3 issues challenging Vietnam manpower in integration period: Skill, foreign language and industrial behavior (discipline and responsibility).
Mr Tuan analyze, integration means that workers must have knowledges, foreign language, cooperation ability, working skill, communication skill, knowledge of business culture and industrial working behavior. Besides, need to learn about industrial working discipline, risk management.
Participant of Admissions Advisory day 2017
Finding solution for integrations
From the above concern, experts have offered many solutions for Vietnam manpower in integration period.
Prof. Trinh Quoc Trung said, when talking about Vietnam human resource in this period, the most priority thing is not about the workers in common but about the government officials, especially the “heart” officials are leading, managing, running the country. The phenomena under many names such as “find home member instead of talented people”, “sunset signatures”, “buying position, buying rights, buying everything”…has been pulling country down.
“Vietnam has to pay attention on training, nourishing, recruitment, treatment and inspection, supervision in order to avoid the situation of individuals doing things for group’s benefit, individual’s benefit which causing damage to business, budget, workers, pull down the growth of country. Based on the fact that Vietnam has ‘nice, kind-hearted’ ‘heart’ officials who have abilities to give solution to evaluate Vietnam human resource to integration” – Mr Trung straightly said.
The second story is about “triangle” school – students – business. Period of business is integrated with labour market, the biggest competitive factor is human. Therefore, each sides need to be more realistic.
On the part of school, need to be more realistic in training that helps students feel less “strange” between studying and working; pushing harder on teaching foreign language; aiming the goal of training system: Training to work as hired laborers, training to do business start-up, training to manage government in way of “creating, serving and devoting”.
On the part of students, they need to widen their profession knowledge, evaluate scientific thinking, independent, creative working, increasing ideas, applying new technology, keep improving working skill because there is no way of integration “doing nothing”.
And Viet Nam companies have to give opportunity to our own labour, especially fresh graduated students. Each companies those want to competing have to have long term vision of human resource, have good working environment, have good benefits, because it is normal when students dream about “salary 2.000 USD”.
Dr. Nguyen Duc Nghia (Deputy Director of VNUHCM) said the “triangle” school – students – business need to access, exchange together more. “How to help Vietnamese students get jobs in Vietnam country. And Vietnam companies attract labors in our own country, it is part of integration also” – Mr Nghia emphasized.
Quality of Vietnam human resource in general is too low level in comparison with other ASEAN countries. We have advantage on generous and low hired price workers, but in integration period, it is not a long term, sustainable advantage. When the worker migration is free and active, the risk of failure is enormous. That challenge requires close cooperation of relative sides, together towards to a competitive Vietnam when integration.
Delegates of the International Student Scientific Forum at VNUHCM
VNUHCM has lots of activities supporting student in integration
Being a member of ASEAN University Network (AUN), VNUHCM held lots of activities supporting student in integration.
About academy: Join the Asean Credit Transfer System (ACTS); leading the country in accreditation with over 30 ASEAN, Europe, US standardized programs. It is considered a “passport” for graduated students to join in scholarship programs of AUN.
About activities: Southeast Asian Youth Culture Forum; ASEAN Student Leaders Forum ASLF; Educational Forum and Young Speakers’ Contest; Green Summer campaign in Laos…
About cooperation: Being an official member of Libraries of ASEAN University Network AUNILO since 2009; Signing cooperation with other universities…
- Opening the Training course of “Enhancing English capacity for young staffs at VNUHCM”
- 2010 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management
- The University of Mahidol visited and met with students of VNU-HCM
- VNUHCM Labor Union Granting Nguyen Duc Canh Scholarship
- 570 years Anniversary of Korean language promulgation